The Danish Business Affairs Ministry has published an addendum to the 2014 law governing that country’s ccTLD. A machine-translated version of the text can be found here.
The new terms are best classified as an update to those from 2014, as opposed to any radical shift in approach. For example, support for IDN and DNSSEC is to be mandatory under the new provisions. While less common in 2014, industry trends favor increased adoption of these features.
The Ministry specifies that the ccTLD manager must be a coalition that admits a diverse group of stakeholders as members. This describes the Danish Internet Forum perfectly, which is the organization that oversees current registry operator DK-Hostmaster. Everything indicates that DK-Hostmaster will continue in this role for the foreseeable future, a role it has occupied since 1999.
A large section of the addendum is dedicated to the responsabilities of the ccTLD manager and other guidelines not necessarily perceptible to the registrar or registant. Four elements that will impact this community are:
- Pricing for .dk must remain comparable to other regional ccTLDs, specifically: .se / .no / .fi / .nl / .de / .uk
- Annual surveys will be administered to registrars to gauge satisfaction with DK-Hostmaster, as well as to registrants to evaluate their satisfaction with .dk registrars
- Registrars must support DNSSEC by January 1, 2021.
- Support for the following IDN characters is mandatory begininning January 1, 2021: æ, ø, å, ü, ä, ö, é
- Domains are subjected to deletion within 60 days of an unaddressed complaint about the accuracy of Whois data.
.dk is a curious case of a ccTLD with a registrar program and EPP, which at the same time mandates that several operations be executed by a human user through their web interface. These include:
- Registering nameservers not previously used with a .dk domain and requesting that DK-Hostmaster approve them
- Updating contacts
- Paying for registrant updates
The rationale for not permitting that these operations be completed in realtime via EPP is unknown to Toweb, but it clearly isn’t due to a lack of technical capacity on the part of DK-Hostmaster.
As the new directives mandate sophisticated technical undertakings without addressing these obvious issues with the user experience, we are left to conclude that the organizational philosophy favors the registrant’s direct involvement in domain management.